Preposition का स्टडी नोट्स : जानिए इसके प्रकार, नियम, प्रयोग से जुड़ी सभी जानकारी_00.1
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Preposition का स्टडी नोट्स : जानिए इसके प्रकार, नियम, प्रयोग से जुड़ी सभी जानकारी

Preposition का स्टडी नोट्स : Preposition के प्रकार, नियम, प्रयोग से जुड़ी सभी जानकारी इस पोस्ट में दी गयी हैं। English Language सेक्शन सरकारी नौकरी की परीक्षा में पूछे जाने वाले महत्वपूर्ण सेक्शन में से एक है और लगभग हर सरकारी परीक्षा में इससे प्रश्न पूछे जाते है चाहे वह एसएससी, बैंक, रेलवे परीक्षा हो या कोई अन्य परीक्षा हो। अंग्रेजी न केवल हमारे professional बल्कि हमारे indigenous life का भी एक महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा है। विभिन्न कारणों से, काफी छात्र इस अनिवार्य विषय से डरते हैं, जबकि सच्चाई यह है कि यह केवल कुछ ग्रामर के नियमों और vocabulary के संग्रह वाला विषय है। इस लेख में, हम अंग्रेजी ग्रामर के Preposition के महत्वपूर्ण नियमों, प्रकारों और विभिन्न पहलुओं को कवर करेंगे।

Preposition क्या है?

preposition अंग्रेजी ग्रामर का एक महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा है जो एक शब्द या शब्दों का समूह है जो किसी संज्ञा या सर्वनाम और वाक्य के अन्य भागों के बीच स्थान या किसी अन्य संबंध को इंगित करता है। preposition वाक्य में एक शब्द और उस शब्द के बीच संबंध को दर्शाता है जो preposition का object है। preposition को इसके महत्वपूर्ण कार्यों के कारण अंग्रेजी में “the biggest little words” के रूप में जाना जाता है।

Subject Verb Agreement Study Notes: Rules and Example

Preposition के प्रकार

कुछ preposition ऐसे होते हैं जो हर प्रकार के preposition में सामान्य होते हैं क्योंकि वे बहुमुखी तरीके से कार्य करते हैं। इस प्रकार के preposition नीचे तालिका में दिए गए हैं

Prepositions of time: after, around, at, before, between, during, from, on, until, at, in, from, since, for, during, within
Prepositions of place: above, across, against, along, among, around, at, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, down, in, inside, into, near, off, on, opposite, out, over, past, through, to, toward, under, underneath
Prepositions of direction/movement: at, for, on, to, in, into, onto, between
Prepositions of manner: by, on, in, like, with
Other types of prepositions: by, with , of, for, by, like, as

Time and Work Notes: Short Tricks To Solve Questions

Preposition के नियम

Rule 1 verb के बाद preposition नहीं आता है। preposition के तुरंत बाद रखा गया verb, gerund form में होनी चाहिए।

Examples (a) He prevented me from drinking hot water.
(b) He insists on trying once again.

Rule 2 जब preposition का ‘object’ एक Interrogative Pronoun -What, Who, Whom, Which, Where etc हो, तो preposition आमतौर पर अंत में या प्रारंभ में होता है।

Examples (a)  May I know who were you talking to?
(b) What are you thinking of?
It used to be thought as ungrammatical, to end a sentence with a preposition, but it is now well accepted.

Rule 3 जब preposition का ‘object’ relative Pronoun ‘that’ हो, तो preposition अंत में आता है।

Examples (a) Here is the magazine that you asked for.
(b) This is the dish that she is fond of.

Rule 4 जब preposition का ‘object’ infinitive (to + verb) हो, तो preposition का प्रयोग infinitive के बाद में होता है।

Examples (a) This is a good hotel to stay at.
(b) I need a pencil to write with.

Rule 5. कुछ वाक्यों में, preposition, verb से जुड़ा होता है।

Examples (a) I hate being laughed at.
(b) This I insist on.

Rule 6. interrogative sentences में preposition प्रारंभ में आता है।

Examples (a) By which train did you come?
(b) For whom was instructions given?

कुछ महत्वपूर्ण Preposition का प्रयोग और उदाहरण (Use and examples of Some Important Prepositions)

At/In/On

In reference of ‘Time’

  1. At is used for a precise time.
  2. In is used for months, years, centuries and long periods.
  3. On is used for days and dates.

In reference of ‘Place’

  1. At is used for a point.
  2. In is used for an enclosed space.
  3. On is used for a surface.

(A) At shows stationary position or existing state while In shows movement.
Examples i. She is at home.
ii. The train is in motion.

(B) At for small place, town etc. while In for big place, town, city, country etc.
Examples i. He lives at Alwar in Rajasthan.
ii. A temple is situated at Madurai in Chennai.

(C) At is used for Point of time, and In is used for Period of time.
Examples i. The train will arrive at six in the morning.
ii. He will meet you in the morning.

(D) In/Into In shows the existing state of things, while Into shows movement.
Examples i. He jumped into the river.
ii. There are three students in the class.

To/Into/To

  1. In the direction of Turn to the right.
  2. Destination I am going to Jaipur.
  3. Until From Monday to Friday; five minutes to ten
  4. Compared with They prefer hockey to soccer.
  5. With indirect object Please give it to me.
  6. As part of infinitive I like to ski; he wants to help.
  7. In order to We went to the store to buy soap.
  8. To the inside of We stepped into the room.
  9. Change of condition The boy changed into a man.

On/Onto

On का प्रयोग position और movement दोनों के लिए किया जा सकता है।
Example
(a) He was sitting on his bag.
(b) Snow fell on the hills.On can also be used as an adverb
Examples (a) Go on.
(b) Come on.Onto is used when there is movement involving a change of level.
Examples (a) People climbed onto their roofs.
(b) He lifted her onto the table.With/ByWith is used for instruments, and By is used for agents.
Examples (a) The snake was killed by him with a stick.
(b) The letter was written by Suresh with a pencil.Since/For/FromSince is often used with Present Perfect or Past Perfect Tense
Examples (a) It has been raining since two O’Clock.
(b) He had been ill since Monday.Since can also be used as an adverb
Examples (a) He left school in 1983. I haven’t seen him since.
(b) It is two years since I last saw Tom.
Beside/BesidesBeside and Besides have altogether different meanings.
Don’t confuse beside with besides. beside = at the side of
Example: a)He was sitting beside Sarla.b) besides = in addition to / as well asExample

  • He has a car besides a motor cycle.

Between/Among

Between is normally used for ‘two things or persons, but it can also be used more, when we have a definite number in mind and there is a close relationship/ association within them.
Example

  • He distributed his property between his two daughters.

Among is usually used for more than two persons or things when we have no definite number in mind.

Example
  • He was happy to be among friends again.

Among/Amongst

Both have the same meaning. Either of them can be used if followed by ‘the’. If followed by a word, beginning with a vowel ‘amongst’ be used.
Examples

  • He distributed the toffees among/amongst the poor.
  • He distributed the toffies amongst us

Preposition का स्टडी नोट्स : जानिए इसके प्रकार, नियम, प्रयोग से जुड़ी सभी जानकारी_50.1

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